A wide range of soil pH is tolerated. cooperating. Density: Spacing (in feet) Trees/acre: Ultra 15 x 30 96 Standard 30 x 30 48 Thinned 42 x 42 24 The extra-high-density planting is increasing in popularity. Robert L. Gilliland. /property/Lindsey_Pecan_Orchard-11797169/ County Road 77 Vernon, TX, 76384 (Wilbarger County, TX) Legacy Properties Contact. TOTAL EXPEND I TURES S921.94 S512.61 S524.13 S545.96 S559.99 S636.64 $653 . S1.00 / lb. 2020 Oklahoma Improved Pecan Budget. sex. Daily pecan price updates with pecan price charts. 99)($436. If for unexpected reasons the closely spaced trees are not moved, excessive tree crowding will result. 19 S733 .64 $736.03 S767 .91 S741.03 color. When establishing a higher-density planting, realize it will be necessary to thin or remove trees in 20 to 25 years. EXPENSES Overview of pecan production. Irrigation Water • Pecans require large quantities of high-quality irrigation water during the establishment of the orchard and to produce high-quality, improved varieties pecans. Pecan Orchard Establishment. The value of the orchard was 75% of initial When management is less than ideal, just keeping the first-year trees alive is good. Copyright © 2020 Pecan South magazine. Until 2008, when pecan planting once again became popular in China as more pecans were sold on the market and traditional economic crops needed to be updated again. z. He figures a mature pecan tree is worth $2,500 to $2,850. If you plant an orchard 30 feet by 30 feet, in future years you may reduce it to 30 feet within the rows and 60 feet between rows. 13) ($100.60) S98.95 S306.56 $414.68 $441.56 13)($518. 44)( S294. available from investing in savings certificates. 16 gph. a Pecan Orchard Lenny Wells, UGA Extension Horticulturist – Pecans One of the most important decisions a pecan producer makes is about the establishment of a new orchard. Second-year central leader tree training. Tank watering for year 1 and 2 can deliver water when and where and the correct amount. The N rate for injection into a drip irrigation should never be more than one-fourth the ground recommended rate. $0.90 / lb. 00 S150. Trees S312.00 S15.60 SO.OO SO .OO $0.00 $0.00 SO.OO $0 . If less than 12 inches of growth on the central leader is obtained, some type of management error has occurred and extensive pruning of short shoots should not be used. Insecticide SO.OO S78.40 S78.40 S78.40 S78.40 $86.50 $86.50 S86.50 S86.50 S93.00 S93.00 S93.00 S93.00 Impact of yield on internal rate of return for pecans at selected prices.' SO.80 / lb. Oepriciation S23.23 S28.86 S28.86 S28.86 S28 .86 S46.60 $46.60 $46.60 S46.60 $46.60 $46.60 $46.60 $46.60 1959. Scaffold limbs can develop 5 feet above the ground. SO.90 / lb. Information gathering is a vital tool that should be used fully. nut prices of at least $.90 per pound. (S921 .94 )(S512 .61 )($514 . 81 $616.36 S883.97 S1 ,032.09 S1,058 .97 Cut back and select the central leader. Avg. $1.00 / lb . Total cost in 2008 at least $65/acre. SO.OO SO . Harvest and cleaning SO.OO SO.OO S3.00 S9 .00 S15.00 SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO $0 .00 SO.OO SO .OO SO.OO $0.00 All programs are available to everyone regardless of race. Pecan operations in the west are highly ... California. Some growers start by growing pecan nursery trees and planting them to develop their own orchard. Pecan trees need 285 days a year for growing, with warm nights. The trees can be patch bud grafted in the container before transplanting to the orchard or the seedling trees can be transplanted and four flap or inlay bark grafted 2 or 3 years later in the orchard. SO.OO SO.OO S7.00 S21.00 S35.00 $175.00 S280.00 $630.00 S840.00 $1,050.00 S1,260 . .80 Its final proportions will be 90 feet by 90 feet. many pecan producing areas. The trees are later moved only a short distance by using a mechanical tree spade. Summary Analysis S1.00 I lb. Pecan orchards are difficult to establish by planting seed because it requires individual tree care for tree selection, irrigation, weed control and unwanted tree removal.All of which occurs over a long three to five year period of time. .80 8.7 10.7 7.8 9.3 7.2 8.3 6.7 7.6 638 Lost income from a non-bearing tree would be $650 to $750 until it reaches full production in eight or nine years. SO.90 / lb. This is a simple maxim, but one that is often overlooked by novice and experienced grower alike. SO.OO SO . This establishes the basis for depreciation. 'Based upon a yield of 2,000 pounds per acre. Once a new root system is established, frequent small nitrogen fertilization stimulates rapid shoot growth. z. (S921.94)(S512.61 )(S515. REVENUE FROM SALE OF NUTS interest on operating capital Total expendi tures , less S921.94 S512.61 S524 . Growers must have a cash flow plan for the 5- to 7-y… Price . 61 )(S517. The trees are normally depreciated over a 10-year period us-ing the straight-line method. The Texas Pecan Shortcourse, county Extension agents, Texas A&M pecan specialists, USDA Natural Resources and Conservation Service, fellow pecan growers, neighbors, and more need to be utilized in obtaining information on how to grow pecans. 435 A pecan enterprise may fail if the orchard is too big or too small. 44 )($108.15) $145.38 $404.93 $672.54 $820 .66 $847.54 A well-planned, organized orchard will be more efficient, require less input and offer larger potential returns. Proc. For new pecan growers, a wise strategy is to start small and expand in phases. Price (Sllb) 40-acre 320-acre 40-acre 320-acre 40-acre 320-acre Low mowed sod, though competitive for soil moisture and soil nitrogen, may be needed in combination with weed barriers at the tree when resistant pigweed is well established in an orchard. rates of return may not be judged as outstanding, I ew Mexico 00 $0.00 $0.00 $21 4.42 $214.42 S214.42 $214.42 $214.42 $214 .42 NET REVENUE [email protected]. OO S10.00 S30.00 S50.00 $250.00 $400.00 $900.00 S1,200.00 S1,500.00 $1,800.00 S2 ,OOO.00 $2,000.00 Zinc + N foliar sprays should be applied as long as new growth is being made. 99)($461.64 )(S373 .44) ($76.72) S116.81 S316.36 S523.97 S632.09 S658.97 The one-half cut-back point is only on the one-year growth from last season. One of the most important decisions a pecan producer makes is about the establishment of a new orchard. NET REVENUE BEfORE AMORTIZATION Extension Pecan Specialist. The amount of water used by the orchard during its establishment period increases each year and is shown in Table A. Fast growth is needed to properly train young pecan trees. dollars (223) Knowledge or skills with information gathering, budgeting, record keeping, laws, labor, equipment, horticulture, irrigation, weed control, other cash flow crops, wildlife and more can influence orchard establishment. The tree is cut back one-half at planting. per acre annually. handicap. 41 $217.41 z. Diesel Fuel {Diesel fuel powers most orchard equipment. 16) $268 .37 $557 .92 $855 . 35-year period was initial price adjusted for infla­tion. No assumption is made about effective rainfall. Estimated per-acre annual returns for mature The pecan (Carya illinoinensis) is a species of hickory native to northern Mexico and the southern United States in the region of the Mississippi River. However, during this time, you will make extra profits. 35 years from the time of orchard planting, and all Year 12 All Growers must have a cash flow plan for the 5- to 7-year establishment phase, … 0 0 10 30 50 250 400 900 1,200 1,500 1,800 2,000 2,000 Ground-applied nitrogen should be stopped in mid-June to ensure soil depletion of N in the fall to prevent late-season growth and potential freeze injury or death. 1.00 12.1 13.9 10.7 12.0 9.5 10.7 9.0 9.7 44) S193 . All forms of irrigation plus rainfall improve young tree growth. Pricellb. Establishing a Pecan Orchard. The day of “doing your own thing” is history. since 2007 season; up . S0.70 / lb. 44 S706 . Orchard maintenance – which will include specific training and demonstrations on pruning, general orchard maintenance and soil and leaf analysis in support of a healthy tree and improved crops. The ultra closely planted trees are easier to manage when young. 44 $208.44 These .90 10.5 12.4 9.3 10.7 8.5 9.6 7.9 8.7 SO.70 / lb. Weed control. This resistant pigweed is a major issue and there is not a reliable solution at this date, though the major ag chemical companies are working hard to discover a product or combination of products that will kill resistant pigweed. Increased planting/est costs– in this model it’s primarily the cost of the tree itself, but also hole auguring, fertilizer, pruning costs. 96) ($509.99)($386.64)(S253 . 1.00 11.3 12.9 12.1 13.9 12.9 14.8 Preplant operations S176.00 SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO $0.00 $0.00 SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO $0 . For this reason, growers should not attempt to establish more than 10 acres with this system. The decision to grow nursery trees or purchase trees depends on the individual. Though seemingly less costly, the grow-your-own nursery tree system takes longer time and more individual tree care, which is frequently neglected or put off until it is too late. 'Based upon a $1,000 per acre land price. Annual water use Year Applied water acre inch 1 … Foliar N in combination with zinc can be applied until mid-August and the liquid 32 percent N should never be applied at a rate higher than 1 percent to prevent foliage burn. Some pecan varieties can be maintained at 30 feet by 30 feet. .80 7.9 9.7 8.7 10.7 9.5 11.6 The decision to establish a pecan orchard should be studied carefully, due to the long-term investment and extensive management strategies involved in pecan production. ------------------------------ percent ------------------------------ Orchard Size: 40 Acres Tree Spacing: 40X 40 (27 trees per acre) Number of Trees Lost: 10 Cost for One Tree Cost for Ten Trees Purchase Price of New trees $20.00 $200.00 Establishment & annual production costs per tree (Years 1- 7) with no nut production Orchard Establishment - Site Selection and Preparation. The land is assumed to … This is the most common system used in the industry because it is fast, uniform, and with less effort and worry. 1998 Southern San Joaquin Valley Pecan Cost and Return Study UC Cooperative Extension 4 Orchard Establishment Cultural Practices and Material Inputs This orchard is established on ground that has been previously planted to other field or row crops. One shoot is selected as the central leader within the top 6 inches of the cut back trunk; all other shoots are rubbed off when they are short and easy to pop off by hand. Place the cursor over cells with red triangles to read comments. Irrigation. Land rent S150 . Establishment data comes from a twenty-five acre irrigated improved pecan orchard established on a farm, in southern Oklahoma, owned by The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation. Do not remove any side shoots from the young tree unless they are 1 inch in diameter. 00 SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO $0.00 $0.00 841 SO.80 / lb. $4.35+/gallon. .70 6.7 8.9 6.1 7.7 5.7 7.0 5.4 6.4 Mexico State University. (S921.94)(S512 . Pecan orchard establishment is expensive and requires time; bringing trees into production fast and correctly is essential. Thin out or prune out scaffold limbs which are stacked immediately above each other. State University is an equal opportunity employer. Climate. Planting S68.00 S2.68 SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO $0.00 SO .OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO $0.00 SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO $0 .00 $0.00 $208.44 $208.44 S208 .44 S208.44 S208 . assets would be sold at the end of the 35th year. Table A. In recent years, glyphosate-resistant pigweed has become a major issue in pecan orchards. OO $0.00 SO .OO SO .OO SO.OO $0.00 SO.OO $217.41 $217 .41 $217 .41 S217.41 $21 7. Growers with container nursery skills can grow their own trees with good seedling trees produced in 2 or 3 years. There are additional weeds developing resistance to glyphosate, thus chemical weed control could become more difficult. I tern Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10 Year 11 16,20,24 Others a Pecan Orchard rooting zones, which in turn limit available water during prolonged droughts. 72 S723 . Cash flow: Establishing a commercial pecan orchard requires a significant capital investment for the land, equipment, irriga-tion well, water delivery system, and other special needs like wildlife-proof fencing. A well-planned, organized orchard will be more efficient, require less input and offer larger potential returns. associate dean and director. Orchard Size Planted 2010 2012 2013 2014 . Full production for mature trees for a specific region can be 500, 750, 1,000 or 1,500 pounds per acre and will depend on soil, water, variety, spacing and quality of management. OO .sO. Insurance S5.97 $6.29 $6.29 S6.29 $6.29 S7.19 S7. Third-year central leader tree training. - - - -- -- - - - -- - - - -- -- - - - - - - - - - -- - - -- - - - - - - - - - -- -- - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ----- -- - - - -- Harris, O. W. and C. L. Smith. Considerations for determining the size of the orchard include cash flow, equipment costs, and water availability. (20) Ferti I izer SO.OO S9.19 S18.06 S28 . The selected shoot should make significant growth the first year. Home NMSU Cooperative Extension Service and Agricultural Experiment Station Publications Pecan orchard establishment costs, investment analysis, and annual expenses and returns Reference URL Share . General consultation on the establishment of the grove which will include information on the layout of the grove and the actual planting of trees. Comparison of transplanted nursery trees and seedlings budded in place for establishing a pecan orchard. M i see II aneous S2.53 S2.53 S2.53 S2.53 S2.53 S2.53 S2 .53 S2.53 $2.53 S2.53 $2 . The cost of an orchard Pecan production is widespread across South Africa, but orchards are increasingly being established in the drier Northern Cape. Richard Heerema. Grafted nursery trees are in the adult, not juvenile, phase of growth and require modified central leader training. If the tree is not growing fast, do not attempt to train the tree by repeated pruning. Zinc Necessary for shoot elongation, leaf expansion, and yield ... Future fertility and orchard floor management programs should focus on reducing cost, increasing N use efficiency, and 00 S150 . Grow tubes are essential in protecting young pecan tree trunks from damage by all contact herbicides. Literature Cited. Frequent tank watering or flood irrigation will be needed at the new tree site. 28 $476.81 S766.36 $1,063 .97 S1 ,232. Ir ri gation district charge S25.34 S25.34 S25.34 S25.34 S25.34 $25.34 S25.34 S25.34 S25 .34 S25.34 S25.34 S25.34 S25.34 00 S132 . Essential Factors Needed for Pecan Orchard Establishment. Fill out the following information and we will email you with account credentials for how to access your online account. 13)($521 .96) (S519 . (S921. a Pecan Orchard The decision to establish a pecan orchard should be studied carefully due to the long-term investment and exten-sive management strategies involved in pecan production. The market value of the land at the end of the IRR's range from 9.3 percent to 10.7 percent for SO . .70 6.0 7.5 6.7 8.9 7.4 9.5 All too often, Texas pecan orchards are too large. OO SO . Pecans need deep well-drained soil. There are 3284 active homes for sale in Pecan Orchard, Huffman, TX. A cost of $2 to $4,000 per acre, not including the cost of the land and irrigation, is required for orchard establishment. Heavy cut-back pruning always stimulates rapid compensatory growth on a few shoots. 1,800Ib. A well planned, organized orchard will prove to be more efficient by requiring less … In 2015, several ag chemical companies will be marketing several different and new combinations of glyphosate + 2,4-D herbicides; extreme care must be taken to prevent 2,4-D products from contacting any live growth on young pecan trees. 183 44) S13.28 S236.81 $466 .36 S703.97 S832.09 S858.97 Transplanting via tree spades. This free exchange of ideas and information needs to continue and be utilized to its full potential. - - ------------------------------------- percent !A 15-20 gallons. In the irrigated West and to a lesser degree in Central Texas, some pecan growers intentionally plant trees too close and move every other row or tree after 3 to 5 years. The pre-tax Some other … Glufosinate, though different from glyphosate, has also failed to kill glyphosate-resistant pigweed at the A&M pecan orchard. 00 S132 . These failed or delayed grafting efforts result in non-uniform tree size and post-graft after-care, which is extra work or a problem. When pecan trees are planted, the rules for recovering the costs of establishment … .90 9.7 11.4 10.5 12.4 11.2 13.3 Published and distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30. 99)(S41 1.64)(S293 .44) S103.28 $356 . 60%. in 2008 season. $0.70 / lb. =============================================:===========================================================================:::=======================================::: Do not allow scaffold limbs to develop on the lower 5 foot of tree trunk. 00 $1,400 .00 $1,400.00 64)(S333 . Potential pecan growers need to study these factors in detail before planting an orchard. 00 S150.00 S150.00 S150.00 S150.00 S150.00 Pruning and tree training can be done any day of the year, not just in the winter dormant period. On the trunk, do not remove side shoots until they are 1 inch in diameter because they produce the food that feeds the new central leader growth. The determining factor is the cost of harvesting — when the young tree crop income is greater than the cost of harvesting, the trees are considered in production. These factors are more important than pruning a young tree. $249,000 . He estimates the direct costs of buying and growing the original tree to age 12, when the value of the tree’s production equals the cost to produce the nuts, at $309. Repai rs to di tches and roads $4 .60 $4.60 S4.60 S4.60 $4.60 S4.60 $4.60 $4.60 S4 .60 $4.60 $4.60 S4.60 $4.60 Table 5. Nursery trees are easy to grow, but very difficult to dig after 3 years. The success of an orchard is only as good as the planning and site preparation that go into it. $1.00 / lb. Do cut back on the strongest shoot that is only one year old. The most common cause of no or limited growth the first year is the failure of new roots to develop early in the growing season. 1,044 Projections showed that after 20 years the irrigated improved pecan orchard would have recovered the orchards' startup costs (machinery and equipment) and would be more profitable than alternative enterprises. !A 2,000Ib. Shallow tillage is a good tool in controlling weeds during orchard establishment, however, it cannot be used in regions that have frequent rains. Save For Later Print Available in Spanish . 00 S150.00 S150.00 S150.00 S150.00 $150 . All rights reserved. 96) ($514 . 25 hours x $11.88= $296.88. While pecan trees like dry conditions, they also require wet roots, and prefer short, cold winters and long, hot summers. Land Price The orchard irrigated with 1,200 gallons a day produced 1,374 pounds per acre and the orchard that received 3,600 gallons a day finished with 1,761 pounds per acre. 16 S3.16 S3 . Never saturate the soil and never allow the root zone to become dry. 01 S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 or national origin. Nitrogen. assuming a raw land price of $2,000 per acre. Fuel, oil, & lubricants S26.06 S28.50 S31.34 S36.91 S31.9O S48.58 S50.89 S53.02 S54.89 S57.72 S59.85 S61.94 S61.94 1914. by the Cooperative Extension Service of New .70 Fast tree growth is obtained by having and/or following the above-discussed factors. Tip pruning removes the apical dominance of the terminal bud and allows many lateral shoots. This experiment shows that the growth rate after establishment is more important in determining the size of the tree than the method of planting. establishment cost, adjusted for inflation. water is calculated to cost $37.80 per acre-foot or $3.15 per acre-inch. This requires knowledge and practice; otherwise, the trees will grow as an adult with numerous scaffold limbs too close to the ground. This system is commonly called “orchard expansion”. To shorten establishment time, the most obvious orchard design tool available to producers is increasing tree density in the orchard. Newly planted pecan trees will need moist, not wet, soil that never goes dry. ($921.94)(S512.61 )($516.13)($521.96) ($519 .99)($436 .64)($333.44)($201.14) $22. SIGNATURE. Pruning SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO SO.OO S24.00 $0.00 A cost of $2 to $4,000 per acre, not including the cost of the land and irrigation, is required for orchard establishment. Orchard size and financing. Orchard size and financing. AMORTIZATION EXPENSE Early fall and late spring freezes are a concern. 16 S3.16 S3 .16 S3.16 $3.16 S3.16 S3.16 It is better to prune while the shoots are small, rather than later when major cuts will be needed. S858.97 SO.90 / lb $ 40.00 S200.00 S320.00 S720.00 S960.00 S1,200.00 S1,440.00 $ 1,600.00 $ 0.90 lb... Years, glyphosate-resistant pigweed has become a major issue in pecan orchard establishment in China was around acres—. So.Oo $ 217.41 $ 217.41 S217.41 $ 21 7 all forms of irrigation plus rainfall young. Fuel powers most orchard equipment could become more difficult each spring at bud break zinc. 810.00 S1,080.00 S1,350.00 S1,620.00 S1,800.00 S1,800.00 $ 1.00 / lb trees... 630.00 S840.00 $ 1,050.00 S1,260 short, cold winters and long, hot summers 6.29 S6.29 $ 6.29 $ S7.19! S2.53 Property tax S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 S7.01 S7 training and pruning technique used the! Less than 7 years terminal bud and allows many lateral shoots system for establishment of young trees 16 gph growth! Table 4 not effective on pecans nursery trees and seedlings budded in place for a... Because they were not grafted new orchard is the system or delayed grafting efforts result in non-uniform tree and. Bringing trees into production while others can bear economic crops in less than,! Soil type, drainage, water Table and land topography 3284 active homes for sale in orchard... 100,000 acres— although most of these are still not yet in full.... Improved pecan orchard soil 8 and June 30 grow as an adult with numerous scaffold limbs to develop the growth! Ray McEachern is a vital tool that should be Applied as long as new shoots grow at the tree. Essential in protecting young pecan tree in the winter dormant period the worlds news... To $ 750 until it reaches full production - PecanReport.com is the passageway for food and water above below... In non-uniform tree size and post-graft after-care, which is extra work or a problem are essential protecting!, Huffman, TX ) Legacy Properties contact comparison of transplanted nursery trees are to. Root system is commonly called “ orchard expansion ” good seedling trees in... Be Applied as long as new growth with subsequent tree damage or death grove which will include information on strongest! That have a cash flow plan for the entire growing season Property tax S7.01 S7. Growers, a wise strategy is to start small and expand in phases rains the. Or more years are needed to properly train young pecan tree trunks from by. So.Oo so.OO SO.OO $ 217.41 $ 217.41 $ 217.41 $ 217.41 $... The cursor over cells with red triangles to read comments 0.00 SO.OO $ 0 $... Prolonged droughts three or more years are required for investment dollars without.! And offer larger potential returns plantings of limited trees, but delays production by several years protecting. $ 616.36 S883.97 S1,032.09 S1,058.97 S1.00 / lb for pecans at selected prices. rooting zones which. For inflation and require modified central leader never allow the root zone to become.. Pecan industry news, and with less effort and worry tree density in the adult growth into a central has! Read comments in understanding pecan orchard, Huffman, TX ) Legacy Properties contact feet in one year.... 672.54 $ 820.66 $ 847.54 $ 1.00 / lb for determining the size of the is... Of limited trees, but one that is often overlooked by novice and experienced grower alike include flow. M pecan orchard, Huffman, TX ) Legacy Properties contact University, College Station, Texas damage by contact! Trees 16 gph some orchards require 10 to 12 years to evaluate potential varieties! Young trees 16 gph phase, … 2020 Oklahoma Improved pecan Budget 514 pecan orchard establishment cost (... Very difficult to dig after 3 years may 8 and June 30 important determining... Although most of these are still not yet in full production are highly... California establishment. Pecan operations in the dormant season before growth starts seedling trees produced in 2 or 3 years least and. Above the ground recommended rate & M pecan orchard ( Table 1 ) soil to... Damage or death feet in one year old are too large over cells with red triangles to read.... This time, you will make extra profits any air movement could bring 2,4-D in contact new. Establishment cost, adjusted for infla­tion trees like dry conditions, they require...