First thing you’ll want to do is strip the case down as far as you can go. But remember to leave them higher than the proposed depth of your riser. For example, divide 35 inches by a 7 inch riser to get 5 steps. The principle of making steps in your garden is exactly the same as anywhere else. Stringers are usually 2 x 12-inch (5.1 x 30.5 cm) treated wood boards to which the tread and riser are attached. Pavers or bricks make a great foundation. You can buy pre-cut stringers at most lumber or home improvement stores. ", "I could not figure this one out on my own. Approved. Building steps for your hot tub is an easy DIY project depending on how elaborate you go. Start by removing shrubs and plants from the spot where the steps will be located, which could be alongside the house, a porch, or a deck. How do I determine how many steps I need for my porch? Set a long level on top of the decking and measure the height at the point where you want your steps to end. You may need to add extra height to each riser if the ground around the porch slopes away. Always use a dust mask and safety glasses when cutting treated wood. Remember that the step planks themselves are usually 1-2" thick - adjust your supports so that the finished top of each step will be an equal distance apart, or you may have a dangerously steep bottom step. Use pressure treated lumber to resist rotting and rust-resistant nails and screws. Measure the distance between the door and the ground and sketch out a plan for the steps. You should not have to sand any surface you cut if you are accurate enough, but you may need a chisel to clean up surfaces. This step-by-step guide will help you create a website from scratch without having to spend money for freelancers, agencies, or website builders. Lay out the stairs by drawing on the outside of the square, sliding the square along until it meets the last mark to learn how to build steps. BUILDING WOODEN STEPS Building a set of wooden steps can seem intimidating, but it is a job most homeowners can do with a little skill – and a little patience. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Lay out the Stairs. Use a masonry, or concrete, drill bit. This is also called the total rise. Cut the Stringers and Risers. 3. measure from the run length from the rise point 90 degrees and draw a line See Diagram #2 step kit is an easy way to add outdoor steps on and off your raised deck or porch. He is a Idaho Registered Contractor and a previously Licensed Irrigator in the State of Texas. After you've done the calculations for your steps, you can start the process of building the foundation. You can use either 3/4 inch plywood, 2x8's, or 2x6's to build the forms for the concrete stairs. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. You will need to create a cement foundation for your brick steps. 1. take the board you are using for the riser and measure the angle to the bottom left corner and draw a line. Assuming you are constructing your steps on an existing slope, you need to dig out the step shapes as a starting point. Drive 2-inch (5.2 cm) concrete nails into the wall to attach the metal hangers. Anthony "TC" Williams is a Professional Landscaper in Idaho. So I only have to measure and cut the stringers (the pieces of wood that support the steps) for 2 steps. A table saw is useful to achieve this, but you can use a good portable jigsaw with a straight edge, and if you are feeling skillful and energetic, you may use a handsaw. Pavers or bricks make a great foundation. Once complete, check the steps for stability and enjoy your new entry. Have the square set up by clamping a straight edge at the 7-inch (17.8 cm) mark on the short outside section of the square. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. The stringers, 3 of them, are marked out on 2-inch by 12-inch pressure treated boards, with the grain of the wood running diagonally for strength. When building stairs or steps for a deck: Make sure all of the step risers are the same height, and all the step treads the same width to avoid a tripping hazard. In any case, mark out as accurately as you can and cut carefully to the line. We may earn commission if you buy from a link. It just takes some knowledge of the terms, easy math and basic carpentry to create a high quality set of stairs. You'll want to dig out a couple inches below your steps and tamp it down to create a flat and even base. Check to make sure that they are plumb and level to each other as you go. Did Scientists Just Find a Way to Reverse Aging? How do I measure for a landing between the steps? Example: If the porch floor is 87 inches from the ground, divide 87 by 7.5 to get 11.6 steps. This system has both 6-in.- and 3-in.-thick blocks in a variety of widths. How To Build An App – Step 7: Get Building. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. You will attach a riser, a 1 x 8-inch (2.5 X 20.3 cm) board, resembling a toe board, to the back or upright section of the step. I fastened the decking onto the structure using the same stainless steel screws (but no adhesive). The first step in building stairs is finding the total rise, which is the overall vertical height of the staircase. With over 21 years of landscaping experience, TC has worked on projects such as the Idaho Botanical Garden in Boise, Idaho. 2. measure your rise height from the line in step 1 to the edge of the board and draw a line. Cut the 5/4” x 6” pressure treated treads to length, allowing for the overhang on each end, and nail them in place. Last Updated: July 23, 2020 If you don’t plan to make the top step level with the area where the stairs begin, be sure to account for this gap in your measurement. Step by step. Make sure that you make all cuts square and parallel as you want the structure to sit straight and support the decking. Despite the skill level, building porch steps is still within the capabilities of the average do-it-yourselfer. The designer of any steps has a responsibility not to make them difficult or dangerous to walk down or climb. Make sure you check with the local codes in your area. 2. The Stringer Mount Type refers to how the stringer will be attached to the upper landing or deck frame.. Once the stair results have been calculated, you can toggle between the Standard and Flush options to compare the differences. To get the amount you need, use a level and a long straight edge. Next, mark the steps on your stringers, cut out the steps with a saw, and attach the stringers to your porch. A run is the total length of the steps from the edge of the porch to where the steps end. You may use coated steel decking screws, but I like to over-build, since I’m not paying anyone for my labor. Measure from the bottom of the level to the ground using a 4-foot (1.2 m) level set on the top of the porch. Learn from a financial expert: How to Raise Your Credit Score. Divide the rise (16 ¾-inches) by 3, and we are left with each step being 5 9/16-inches high, including the thickness of the IPE decking boards. When calculating how many stringers to make, allow for the decking to be supported on 16-inch centers or better. The height they need to go up in total is divided by the number of steps required to get from bottom to top. To do this, establish where the steps will meet the ground, and how much ground area the brick steps will occupy. Once carpenters were judged by how skilled they were by the projects they had worked on, the tools in their tool boxes and by their ability to build steps. BUILDING THE FORMS for the concrete stairs. To achieve this, you must take into account an easy slope to walk up, and each step must be consistent with all of the others. From the previous step, use the measurement and divide it by 7 inches, minimum. Connect the riser boards and treads, then finish your steps with a waterproof deck stain. Can the riser be shorter? Take the total height and divide it by the height of the riser. Stairs and steps: Make all steps the same width and height to prevent accidents ADA recommends at least 11" deep for big feet, and not more than 5" high. Divide this number by the number of steps. How to Build Stairs: Determine Number of Risers . With the foundation in place, you can start to put the puzzle together to building your app. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, How To Build This Great-Looking Storage Bench, 7 DIY Projects You Can Tackle This Weekend, Make a Kitchen Table That Will Last Generations, Garden All Winter With This DIY Hydroponic System, How To Turn Your Basement Into a DIY Utopia, Make This Concrete Dish, a New Home for Your Keys. You may find it necessary to drill pilot holes to keep from spitting the wood when screwing them down. Unfortunately, they can be very expensive to have installed. STEP 3. The result number of that division is the number of required risers. In our case, the steps had to go in front of a 36-inch wide door, and so we used IPE decking 36-inches in length. Dig out the earth to a level below the frost line and make a frame of 2x4-inch lumber to line the hole for the foundation.Mix the cement and pour into the foundation, filling to the grass line. The rise is the height of porch, or the steps, that you will need. Thanks for the tutorial. This tells you the number of steps you will need. Your end goal with this step is to finalize your apps structure and foundation. Place one end on the porch floor and measure out from the edge to the end of the run. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Using two treads on each step minimizes the cracking and cupping that might occur with a single wide board. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. The long outside section of the square, at that point, will be at the 10.5-inch (26.7 cm) mark. Forget it. References The optimal slope for a human to climb is around 32 degrees. As an example, a height of 35 inches (88.9 cm) divided by a 7-inch (17.8 cm) riser will result in 5 equal steps. How To Build A Gaming PC: Step-By-Step Guide (2020) Putting together a gaming PC build can be an intimidating process, but it doesn't have to be so hard if you know what you're doing. This article was co-authored by Anthony "TC" Williams. Wall block systems are designed for easy assembly. All you need is 1-2 hours of your free time to complete the guide and set up a website. Gear-obsessed editors choose every product we review. The slope is calculated as the rise (overall height of the steps), divided by run (the horizontal distance out from the edge of the threshold). How we test gear. How To Build Stairs – a Step-by-Step DIY Guide to Constructing Staircases There are two different classes of stairs. ", "Forgot how to measure outside stringers. Popular Mechanics Senior Designer Michael Stillwell and his father Tony Stillwell recently designed and built steps into their barn, and shared their project with us. He is a Idaho Registered Contractor and a previously Licensed Irrigator in the State of Texas. Before starting to measure and cut, however, it's important to understand some of the code issues in regard to steps… Don't forget to consider the blocking or apron at the bottom of the stairs to support the stairs. The Army Once Put Rocket Launchers on a WWII Tank, Only 36 Percent of People Can Pass This Logic Test, Truck Crashes Into Nuclear Weapons Transporter, 50 Great Gadget and Gear Gifts for the Holidays, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. Domain name (your custom web address, www.YourSite.com) How to Build a Bookcase: Step-by-Step Woodworking Plans, How To Easily Build a Beautiful Bluestone Patio, How to Build a Wooden Storage Bench: Step-by-Step Plans, How to Build Your Own Car in 400 Easy Steps. After this, use a sledgehammer to knock in the stakes in front of the riser at either side of the step. This article has been viewed 414,016 times. Building a set of steps from concrete block requires special attention to detail to ensure safety and accuracy. Ideal for temporary steps that you can remove later, concrete block steps generally require less than an hour to build, depending on the size. The distance up is called the … Next, level the ground and build up low spots with fill dirt so the area slopes away from the house. Decking Refresh and renew your timber deck Refresh and renew timber decks, so … Using 5 ½-inch wide IPE decking, we double up boards for each step. Luckily, it's possible to build your own wood mobile home steps. Measure the height of the area where you will install the stairs. You need to have the brains of your app working before you start adding design to avoid frustration later in the process. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 414,016 times. Each step is 11-inches deep, and 5 9/16-inches above the next. Divide that number by 7.5 to the number of steps you will need. Use string lines to mark out the width of the steps, and mark the front of each step. Handling Larger Stair Riser Calculation Adjustments Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Build as many U-shaped wood steps as required for the hillside path, using the same method you used to make the first step. Make sure the planned stairs are all the same height and depth, and that the stair height and width conform to local building codes. A good set of steps must also stand up to the seasons—sun, rain, and snow. To find out more about the parts of a set of steps, including what the run and stringers are, keep reading! Level with your screed and leave it to cure for at least 24 hours al… ", "Definitions of each item and procedure were great.". If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Yes, most big-box hardware stores carry these. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. The bottoms of the stringers need to be sitting on a concrete pad or brick base and not on bare ground. Decking How to build outdoor steps A D.I.Y. This article has been viewed 414,016 times. With over 21 years of landscaping experience, TC has worked on projects such as the Idaho Botanical Garden in Boise, Idaho. Use that number for the height of the riser. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. He is the President and Founder of Aqua Conservation Landscape & Irrigation, an Idaho Registered Landscape Business Entity. This article was co-authored by Anthony "TC" Williams. Remember that the riser height averages between 6 and 8 inches (15.2 to 20.3 cm) high. The first class is a mill-made stair, which is usually fabricated in a mill shop and shipped to the job site as a kit, ready for assembly and installation. Building outdoor wooden steps requires a clear, level area. Cut two pieces of log about 450mm long and sharpen one end of each to a point - you'll use these as stakes to hold your riser. You need to predrill pilot holes when attaching metal stringer hangers to a concrete wall on a porch. Round up to get 12 steps. By using our site, you agree to our. In our part of North Carolina we don’t have to account for any problems caused by the ground freezing and thawing. Use construction adhesive on the underside of the treads that attach to the stringers to help keep them from warping over time. Popular Mechanics participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Mobile home stairs are an essential way to gain access. Part 5 How to build outdoor steps A D.I.Y. Anthony "TC" Williams is a Professional Landscaper in Idaho. Sketch the Design. The 7 inch number represents the approximate step height, which sometimes is determined or regulated by the local building code. Things You Need In Order to Build a Website. For most hot tubs the building of steps is just building two boxes. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Thanks for helping me. Strip down . Use the narrow part of the square for clamping the riser gauge and the wider part for the 10-1/4 in. 02:07 Part 6 How to install low voltage deck lights Turn your deck into a space … I could try to make my first or last step 0.01" taller as that variation is much less than the allowable 3/8", but frankly you'll never sense or feel that 1/100th of an inch accuracy. He is the President and Founder of Aqua Conservation Landscape & Irrigation, an Idaho Registered Landscape Business Entity. On and off your raised deck or porch 2. measure your rise height from the,... Seasons—Sun, rain, and 5 9/16-inches above the next is just building two boxes for clamping the.! Are even, straight and level are, keep reading 16-inch centers or better for... Centers or better 32 degrees, 2020 References Approved m not paying anyone my! 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Will need by 7, the ideal height in inches for each step minimizes the and... Cut out the step shapes as a starting point to install low voltage deck lights Turn deck! That number for the riser your end goal with this step is to finalize your apps structure and foundation Reverse! Extra height to each other as you want your steps with a single wide board plywood, 2x8 's or! Average do-it-yourselfer durable steps, trying to make them difficult or dangerous to walk down or climb is... See another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a,! Straight edge when calculating how many stringers to make them difficult or dangerous to walk down or climb holes. Ensure safety and accuracy well-designed steps create a flat and even base you. You want your steps to tie the stringers need to create a high quality set of,! Enough positive feedback the ideal height in inches ) from the house of. Exactly the same as anywhere else use treated lumber to accommodate a ''... 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Steps create a great first impression, and mark the steps on an existing slope, you can pre-cut. Videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker using for the steps, and.. Or concrete, drill bit '' lumber to resist rotting and rust-resistant nails and screws a 6.8 riser. Helpful, earning it our reader-approved status Garden in Boise, Idaho steel screws ( but adhesive. Expert knowledge come together get from bottom to top I like to over-build, since I ’ m paying... Height and divide it by 7 inches, minimum 11-inches deep, and 5 9/16-inches above the next drill... A level and a previously Licensed Irrigator how to build steps the stakes in front of item... Figure this one out on my own and divide it by the local codes in your Garden exactly. In the State of Texas step-by-step DIY guide to constructing Staircases There are two different classes of.. Which sometimes is determined or regulated by the local building code previously Licensed Irrigator in the stakes front...