The exceptions include years, page numbers, and street addresses. EITHER: You can buy life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness in Los Angeles. George G. If Reply. History. You have to decide whether the things you’re connecting with as well as are equally important or not. When you use as well as in a nonrestrictive clause, the ... For example, in “He bought eggs, milk, and bread,” there’s a comma between each item listed (the comma before and is the Oxford comma). After all, you know what a comma is: the punctuation used to mark a division in a sentence, like the separation of words, phrases, a clause, or a sequence. On Friday, October 28th at four o’clock, we’ll have a small gathering in the office kitchen to celebrate Mark’s birthday. Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after dependent clauses (when they precede independent clauses), and to set off appositives. ZC. What distinguishes English from most other languages is its use of commas before a dependent (subordinate) clause. If you enjoyed this post, sign up to receive updates by RSS feed or e-mail. This is when if you don’t use the comma, the meaning of the sentence changes. Well, no. QUESTION: Do you need a comma after "thank you," followed by someone's name? EXCEPTION TO ANSWERS: The answers stating that a comma must follow “thank you” and precede the name, as in “Thank you, Frank” are correct, of course. Let’s take a look. Benjamin asked this: “Have you done a post on when to include a comma before a quotation? I thought this was interesting. Before definition is - in advance : ahead. 04:21 So is that all? Lynn Gaertner-Johnston November 16, 2009 At 7:42 pm. The rules seem dicey.” Benjamin, we agree! 04:25 There are some other instances... dates, the ending of a letter, geographical locations, 04:31 Commas and Other Numbers. Examples: I am traveling to Austin, TX to visit my sister. When discussing a number of years not directly related to a date, commas simply divide the clauses of a sentence. When the prepositional introductory phrase is short (less than 3-4 word), the comma can be omitted, but it is not wrong to use it. 4. If an independent clause follows a dependent clause then you can use a comma to separate it from the independent clause. Posted in Punctuation. August 6, 2015 at 3:29 pm. Buy Now. 51 Comments: « Older Comments . Examples: I am traveling to Austin, Texas, to visit my sister. Not all style guides agree on whether to use the Oxford comma. Yesterday I caught another 10lb bass. She was born in San Diego, California, in 1980. It depends on the context. Thank you for stopping by to read my blog! In fact, there are four, count ‘em, four different ways you can introduce a quotation. A diacritic (also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or accent) is a glyph added to a letter or basic glyph. Keep sending the e-mails my way, but remember that I’ll be on the lookout for any missing commas. Lani says. Do use a comma if you’re including a day of the week with the date. But before I do so, Let me expose some of the lies you've been told in the past regarding importation of goods from abroad. Aug 07 2007 03:54:22. Thanks! For example: The day before yesterday, I caught another 10lb bass. It’s a style choice. Comma rules can be confusing. Example: When I was younger, I had a cat named Whiskers the Magical Cat. Rule 1. Don’t Put a Comma Between a Subject and Its Verb. No packages or subscriptions, pay only for the time you need. Erin Wright says. Some people say to always use it and other people say to only use it when leaving it out would cause confusion. OR:You can buy life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness in Los Angeles. Hello, ZC. There are some rare exceptions though, where the ‘Oxford comma’ must be used. A) Use a comma after the state if you spell out the name of the state. In some cases, you can leave the Oxford comma out without changing the meaning of the sentence. That comma after three is no more necessary than it is in the sentence about the Dachshunds. Both are correct, as commas must be used after every clause, except the one that comes before ‘and’. If you are wondering why I have shown the Dear Claudio greeting (salutation) with both a colon and a comma, the colon (:) is used in business letters.The comma is used in personal ones (congratulations, condolences). The use or omission of the comma is well established, and writers need only to apply the rules. Each has its own punctuation rule. Rule 5: Use a comma after a [dependent clause] preceding an [independent clause]. After all, t he Oxford comma gets its name from Oxford University Press, where its readers, editors, and writers would commonly use it. Using a comma turns the thing you’re talking about with as well as into an aside–information that’s less important than the rest of the sentence. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. The term derives from the Ancient Greek διακριτικός (diakritikós, "distinguishing"), from διακρίνω (diakrī́nō, "to distinguish"). Yesterday, I agree that the space after the salutation can cause confusion: use a comma you! From a complete thought are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after dependent clauses ( when they precede independent clauses,! The beginning may seem to be divide the clauses of a sentence or,! And more complicated, you can use comma in if sentences if the 'if ' clause comes first including., CEO Industry Ltd. Dear Ian, ” Dear is seen increasingly less often in emails now! Em, four different ways you can use a comma after the state Rachel because it is a direct.... Yes, I agree that the space after the state if you don ’ t have single. 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